This virtual exhibit was created by the Textile Museum of Canada in 2010 in accordance with the standards and best practices of the time. It may include outdated applications that may not be compatible with more recent browsers and other technologies, including assistive technologies. Any enquiries or comments related to this exhibit should be directed to the Textile Museum of Canada.


Project Co-Directors
Roxane Shaughnessy, M.A.
Collections Manager/Associate Curator, Textile Museum of Canada

Diane Wolfe
Director of Education and Programs, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art

Project Manager
John Dalrymple, M.M.St.
Lincoln Park Museological Services

Web Site Design
ecentricarts Inc.

Research and Content Development
Lisa Anderson, Ph.D. candidate, Institute of Archaeology, UCL
Sessional Lecturer, Department of Anthropology and Sociology
University of British Columbia

Patricia Bentley, B.A., Hon. AOCAD
Education Manager, Textile Museum of Canada

Siobhan Boyd, M.Sc.
Archaeologist; Educator, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art

Elka Weinstein, Ph.D.
Archaeologist; Educator, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art

Evaluation and User Testing
Barbara Soren, Ph.D.
Manager, Research Projects, The Imperial Oil Centre for Studies in Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, OISE/University of Toronto

Author Credits (by section)
Lisa Anderson and John Dalrymple

Roxane Shaughnessy, Lisa Anderson and John Dalrymple

Chloë Sayer (Tiburcio Soteno section)
Roxane Shaughnessy (Nilda Callañaupa section, Ancient Techniques: Textiles)
Diane Wolfe (Ancient Techniques: Ceramics)

Patricia Bentley and John Dalrymple

Roxane Shaughnessy, John Dalrymple, Elka Weinstein, Siobhan Boyd and Diane Wolfe (Museum Catalogue)
Patricia Bentley (Teacher's Resources)
Penny Bateman (Compiled Bibliography and Links)

Concept Development
Roxane Shaughnessy
Collections Manager/Associate Curator, Textile Museum of Canada

Diane Wolfe
Director of Education and Programs, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art

John Dalrymple
Lincoln Park Museological Services

Penny Bateman, Outreach and Access Officer, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art

Rebecca Duclos, Ph.D. candidate, University of Manchester

Susan Jefferies, Assistant Curator of Contemporary Ceramics and Ancient Americas, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art

Matthew Frederick Davis Hemming
CGI Historical Reconstructions of Lamanai and Peruvian coastal settlement

John Dalrymple
Digital Artifact Restorations, Maps, Culture Timelines

Kristiina Lahde
Line Drawings (Weaving techniques, ancient garments)

Patricia Bentley
Line Drawing (Cochineal insect)

Elaine Secord, M.A., M.M.St.

French Translation
Vika Ross, M.A.

Unless otherwise indicated, all photography by Roxane Shaughnessy, Diane Wolfe, Rachael Ashe, Penny Bateman, Chloë Sayer, John Dalrymple, Louise Thut, Lisa Anderson, Siobhan Boyd, Textile Museum of Canada, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art.


Nilda Callañaupa Alvarez, Cusco, Peru
Director, The Center for Traditional Textiles of Cusco
Internationally known weaver and leader in a revival of traditional Cusqueñan weaving.

Tiburcio Soteno Fernández, Metepec, Mexico
An internationally traveled and exhibited ceramic artist.

Mary Frame, M.A., Vancouver, British Columbia
Independent scholar and specialist in Andean textiles.

Dr. David Pendergast, London, England
Curator Emeritus, Royal Ontario Museum; Adjunct Curator of Ancient Americas, Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art
Archaeologist with a specialization in Mesoamerican archaeology, has excavated Maya sites in Belize for nearly four decades.

Fernando Hernández Pérez, Toronto, Ontario
Tzotzil Maya teacher and traditional healer.

Francisca Rivera Pérez, Puebla, Mexico
Nahuatl-speaking expert in the pre-Aztec weaving traditions of her community.

Chloë Sayer, London, England
Author and specialist in Mexican arts and crafts and popular culture.

Dr. John Topic, Peterborough, Ontario
Professor, Anthropology Department, Trent University
Archaeologist with a specialization in South American Andean and Pacific coast archaeology and ethnohistory.


The project team for CLOTH & CLAY wishes to formally thank the Virtual Museum of Canada project and the Canadian Heritage Information Network for funding and supporting this exciting exhibition and partnership. Many thanks to Esther Rosenberg, Pierre Chalifour, Lyn Elliot Sherwood and the staff in Ottawa for their encouragement.

We wish to acknowledge the support provided by the staff, volunteers, funding partners and Boards of Trustees of the Textile Museum of Canada and the Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art, which made this project possible. We wish to thank Textile Museum executive director Nataley Nagy and Gardiner Museum executive director Alexandra Montgomery for their support of the project. We also wish to recognize the contributions of past directors at the Textile Museum, Jennifer Kaye and Cathryn Gregor.

We extend a great many thanks to our esteemed project advisors for providing their feedback, insights and expertise. Their participation in the development of this Web site has increased its value immeasurably as an educational and academic resource.

The project team would like to thank friends and colleagues who have provided advice, feedback and have improved by their association, the final product presented. Many thanks to Dr. Elizabeth Graham (for encouragement and feed back with the Lamanai market reconstruction), Marc Zender (for providing us his translation of the Maya glyphs on G83.1.120), Dr. Christopher Donnan (for his comments about our Moche portrait head vessel), Elizabeth Caux (for editorial assistance with the French translation) and Agatha Cinader (for her assistance during the site's production).

Many thanks are extended to our artist friends from Mexico: Tiburcio and Carlos Soteno, Francisca Pérez, and Felipe and Leonardo Linares, for sharing their stories with us and allowing us to share them with users of the Web site. We also would like to thank the many traditional Peruvian weavers in Chinchero, Chahuaytiri, Aacha Alta and Pitumarca for sharing their craft with us and allowing us to enrich the site with their images.

We wish to thank all participants in the user tests conducted during the development of CLOTH & CLAY. Their knowledge and feedback was a tremendous asset.